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Lord of the Rings Game One, part one

In 1982 Melbourne house published The Hobbit, an interactive interpretation of the famous story by J.R.R. Tolkien. It proved to be a popular title and the game was ported to multiple computer platforms, including the Commodore 64 and the Sinclair ZX Spectrum. The Hobbit featured independent non-player characters and gave the World the useful phrase "Thorin sits down and starts singing about gold." After this success, the publisher proceeded to tackle that other monument by the venerated writer.
The Lord of the Rings Game One text adventure — an adaptation of The Fellowship of the Ring, the first part of Tolkien's Trilogy — was published by Melbourne House in 1985 in Europe and Australia. The game was marketed by Addison-Wesley in the U.S. as The Fellowship of the Ring.
The Lord of the Rings Game One

I got the cassette edition for the Commodore 64 as soon as it came out, and was much excited by the prospect of tracing Frodo's footsteps through Middle Earth. The game turned out to be quite different from what I expected. I never quite made up my mind about it, but maybe a revisit would help me reorganize my thoughts on it.

The game is divided into two parts, roughly (but not exactly) matching the subdivision of the original into two books. This page is a twenty-first century review of the first part of the game. In it, some of the unusual aspects of the game are discussed. At the end there are pictures, a walkthough and a map too, but those are spoilers.


Playing the game
Graphics and platforms
Some notes for collectors
Solution, pictures, and map (spoiler alert!)

Playing the game

This adventure is somewhat unusual compared to the established form of text games at the time this title came out. There is a role-playing feature built in, for example. At the start of the game, the user is asked to select which of the four famous hobbits he wants to play, Frodo, Sam, Pippin, or Merry. It is possible to select more than one character; in that case, switching between players is done by issuing "BECOME <character>". Normally, the non-user controlled characters in the presence of the player character will follow the latter when he moves to an adjacent room.

The Lord of the Rings Game One

Selecting the player character on the Commodore 64. In this Melbourne House edition the mugs of our four hobbits are shown. The top line shows which of the characters the player has selected to play, and which of these is currently active. In the main screen we see the hobbits that are in the room with you; the absent Merry is apparently on the "next page".

No score is kept, but a note pinned on the noticeboard in Bag End informs the player what his goal is: go to Rivendell straight away. The original story will be well known to most gamers: Frodo Baggins the hobbit has inherited a special ring, which must be destroyed before its creator Sauron recovers it and uses it to conquer the world and subdues its free denizens. Sauron has learned that a certain "Baggins" has the ring in his possession and has despatched nine mysterious and sinister black riders to get him and it. Rivendell is a kind of refuge, one of the last colonies of the disappearing elves.

And so the game begins. The starting location for Frodo, Sam, and Pippin is Bag End, the ancestral home of the Bagginses. Here is a plethora of items that seem useful for adventuring, and it's quite an undertaking to get fully kitted out. The non-player hobbits can be easily directed to perform actions or take items, but note that when multiple instructions are given — for example SAY TO SAM "OPEN CHEST, GET BACKPACK AND ROPE" each of these separate actions will take one subsequent turn to be executed. While Sam is working down his list, Pippin and Frodo may perform other actions. When such a sequence is properly orchestrated, it can be a quite satisfying experience for those who are keen on that sort of thing.

If the player has read the books or seen the movies, the initial impulse at the start of the game will be to indeed head east and try to reach Rivendell as quickly as possible, perhaps stopping here or there to see the sights. But that would not be a very interesting game. Besides, despite the given object of the first book, time is not directly a constraint in this game (but the food supply is). The black riders will ride up and down the old road, and Strider will keep waiting in the Prancing Pony as long as is necessary. The writers, therefore, had to sidetrack the quest sufficiently to keep it challenging. And this they did, but with very odd means, leading to some very unexpected places. The result is a mix between the original story and Arthurian add-ons with some anachronistic and humorous touches here and there, such as photographs and unusual hostelries. On the other hand, this incarnation of The Lord of the Rings is one of the few in which the enigmatic Tom Bombadil is not skipped. Yay!

Practically, however, the difficulty of the game lies in getting past cartographical bottlenecks while avoiding patrolling black riders. And this is the difference with many other text games; it isn't puzzle-driven, like Enchanter or The Guild of Thieves, and not story-driven like Deadline or Anchorhead either, as the objective and the backstory are a priori well known. Lord of the Rings is all about movement and timing and resource management. A bit like an arcade game or a strategy game, only this particular one happens to be in text.

The user experience varies between platforms, but generally speaking playing the game on 8-bit machines is characterized by lack of speed. Waiting half a minute for the computer to parse whatever command the player has typed and to produce some dry response is only fun for die-hard teletype dinosaurs I would imagine, and my slightly-slower-than-1 MHz Commodore 64 might have been the slowest of them all. It can be oddly interesting to watch the sentences being put on screen as they are assembled by the game logic. Emulator users can of course remedy the situation by increasing the speed of the machine. Also, the two 16-bit platforms to which The Fellowship of the Ring was ported are quite quick.

The Lord of the Rings Game One

The authors of this game were believers in redundancy. Look at this text. Seriously, read it.

The role-playing aspect is not entirely without glitches. One may for instance decide to take the role of Merry to first map out the environment, which has certain advantages over doing so in party mode with Frodo in the lead. However, when solitary Merry encounters certain set interactions, such as in Bree, he will be addressed in the plural form, as if the whole party were there. It can perhaps be understood why this mechanism has not survived in the interactive fiction genre; all those permutations would make a black rider weep.

Next to the innovations there are some classic — and in the present day discarded — IF tropes; a maze lies waiting somewhere on an edge of the map, and the hobbits have a (in fact quite natural) dependency on food. If they get hungry, they will be able to carry less, become unreceptive of instructions, and ultimately break down. The hobbits burn food quicker when there is physical exertion involved, such as when operating the ferry across the Brandywine River.

Having finally arrived at the stone bridge at the end of the first part I decline to play the second for the time being. Despite all the weirdness and slowness I do really want to like the game, but the prose is just a bit too brief, the responses of NPCs limited and robotic, and the resource management tedious. On the other hand, the game is quite original; it is certainly no literal retelling of the original story, and the player gets to visit parts of Eriador that are found in no other text adventure.

Besides, any game that has such a grand ambition and such a popular source to draw from must be very interesting and instructive to play, if just for a little while and regardless of whether it succeeds as a game or not. Nobody sits down and starts singing about gold in this one!

Graphics and platforms

In keeping with the landscape of the home computer market of the mid-1980s, the game was published for a variety of platforms. Melbourne House ported Lord of the Rings Game One to the Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC, and Acorn BBC Micro. Addison-Wesley, Melbourne House's counterpart in the U.S., published it under the name The Fellowship of the Ring for MS-DOS, Apple II, Apple Macintosh, and again for Commodore 64.

Lord of the Rings Game One loading screens
The loading screens for five different machines (can you spot them?); Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64 (Melbourne House version), Amstrad CPC, Apple Macintosh, MS-DOS.

Although the kernel of the game seems the same for both publishers, there are differences. The Melbourne House version was sold on disk or cassette — depending on computer brand — and features a small number of vector-based graphics to accompany the text, with the exception of the BBC Micro that operated in text-only Mode 7 (or "teletext" mode). A system of four small portraits that represent four hobbits show the player their relative locations amongst each other (sacrificing text area), reminiscent of RPGs. Also included is an easier "beginner's game" as an extra that is limited to Frodo's journey to Bree and features a built-in hint system, to get the player going if he has never played text adventures before.

The Addison-Wesley game is exclusively disk-based and has many bit-mapped images to illustrate the game. The parser is a little bit more sophisticated, allowing the convenient "TAKE ALL" command.

The Commodore 64 is the only machine for which both versions were available, and it is of course interesting to compare the two. In the Melbourne House edition we find a slightly modified character set and all of five very basic vector-drawn pictures of some (not all terribly exciting) locations. The beginner's game has a few more locations illustrated. The Addison-Wesley version has a more straight-forward layout, but features forty very nice and colorful bit-mapped images (the MS-DOS version has fifty).

Comparing graphics of 1980s computers is terrific fun for those who lived through that age. Below are a number of screenshots of the opening scene in Bag End. Typical solid-color CRT "borders" have been removed in some cases.

Lord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Sinclair ZX SpectrumLord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Commodore 64 Melbourne House versionLord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Commodore 64 Addison-Wesley version
Lord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Acorn BBC MicroLord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Sinclair Acorn BBC Micro (fan patch)Lord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Sinclair Amstrad CPC
Lord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Apple IILord of the Rings Game One opening screen on MS-DOSLord of the Rings Game One opening screen on Apple Macintosh Opening screens in Bag End, playing as Frodo. Top row, from left to right: Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64 (Melbourne House), Commodore 64 (Addison-Wesley); middle row:Acorn BBC Micro, Acorn BBC Micro (fan-modified version with added graphics), Amstrad CPC; bottom row: Apple II, MS-DOS, Apple Macintosh. Click on an image for a larger version, or click here for a list.

Although the Addison-Wesley versions all have the same illustrations, the colors on the C64 augment them the best. The MS-DOS version uses only four colors (the very old-school CGA mode 1) but has a larger number of pictures. Sadly, the C64 version is also the slowest one to play (really, really slow). However, if the game is played on an emulated machine, this problem can be alleviated by simply increasing the speed of the emulator to 200% or more.

Some notes for collectors

As mentioned above, there were two publishers involved with marketing the game. In Europe and Australia the games were sold by Melbourne House, who had also originally developed the software, for Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Acorm BBC Micro, Amstrad CPC, and Amstrad PCW, on cassette and disk, depending on the platform. In the U.S. Addison-Wesley sold versions for Commodore 64, Apple II, MS-DOS, and Apple Macintosh, all disk-only.

Lord of the Rings Game One cassette version (Melbourne House)

Possibly the most common version on the east of the Atlantic. The oversized clam-style box features one of the very sinister black riders in the artwork with various scenes in the game around it. Inside are found two cassettes, holding both parts of the game, but also a short beginner's game that has built-in hints. There is a user's manual, and a copy of The Fellowship of the Ring, the first part of the Lord of the Rings trilogy. In the back of the manual was an order form for a hologram of a black rider. The material of the box is prone to deterioration, showing tears and bits of the plastic coming off. It is probably the easiest edition to find on auction sites, but the novel is often missing. Also marketed by Guild Publishing, recognizeble by the stylized "PG" monogram on the spine instead of the Melbourne House logo. Melbourne House version of Lord of the Rings Game One for Commodore 64 on cassette

Box contents
The bulky cassette version for Commodore 64 by Melbourne House. A manual, two cassettes, one for each part of the game, and a copy of the Fellowship of the Ring book. The clamshell case is seen on the spine here, to show the thickness.

Lord of the Rings Game One disk version (Melbourne House)

The Melbourne House disk version comes in a plastic folder with the same cover illustration as the cassette edition. Within is a single diskette and a manual, but no book. It is not clear why not, but perhaps no suitable packing solution could be found, or perhaps some budgetary constraint could not be met. The folder seems to endure time better than the cassette clam case, but it is more difficult to find.
As can be seen on the front, the game has been named "adventure game of the year" by Popular Computing Weekly.
Lord of the Rings Game One for BBC Micro on disk

Folder contents
Opened folder with manual, floppy disk, and supplement for Acorn BBC Micro. That computer typically had less RAM than the other platforms. To cope with this, the two parts of the game were each divided in two parts themselves, and there were no graphics. Also, a specific version of the DFS ROM was required to run the game.

The Fellowship of the Ring (Addison-Wesley)

Next to the Melbourne House version, Addison-Wesley's packaging was somewhat more luxurious. In fact this was also the case for The Hobbit, for which a similar differentiation of platforms existed. On the front is one of Tolkien's own illustrations. The gatefold-style box holds the manual attached to the lid, somewhat reminiscent of the Infocom "gray box". Also added are a map of Northern Middle Earth and a copy of the eponymous novel. The in-game graphics were much better and more locations were illustrated as well, owing to being exclusively disk-based rather than geared towards single-load cassette. The Fellowship of the Ring for Apple II

Box contents
Apple II edition of The Fellowship of the Ring. The manual is attached to the lid. Also visible are the 5.25" floppy disk, a map of Northern Middle Earth, and an addendum for Apple II. The original Fellowship of the Ring book is still sealed inside the box here.

The Tolkien Trilogy (Beau Jolly)

Box contents
This collection of text adventures was a budget repackaging of the three Tolkien-based games by Melbourne House, published by Beau Jolly in 1989.

Beau Jolly was a company that purchased the rights to dormant titles from their original publishers to re-release them as budget titles. The "Tolkien Trilogy", consisting of The Hobbit, Lord of the Rings Game One, and The Shadows of Mordor, was one of its efforts. According to the included (short and small-print) manual, cassette and disk editions of this collection were available for ZX Spectrum (cassette only), C64, and Amstrad CPC. A book offer was also included in the manual.

Solution, pictures, and map (spoiler alert!)

It's amazing how much time one can spend on documenting the user's side of a text adventure. But making a map is quite useful, and — for me at least — part of the fun.

LOTR map Images Images
Full map of the first half of Lord of the Rings Game One. All images found in the MS-DOS and C64 versions of the game. (.zip). A step-by-step walkthrough for part one of the game.


  • Tolkien-based text adventures are briefly discussed here.
  • The CASA solution archive has more hints and solutions here.
  • Another review of the game can be found on this French site.

(Originally published 2019/05/18)